TACE

                              PKC  

                         

文字方塊: TACE                              

 

 
 

 

                  Notch

 

The neuregulins (NRGs) are members of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family of peptide growth factors. These hormones are agonists for the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases, a family that includes the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB1), ErbB2/Neu/HER2, ErbB3/HER3, and ErbB4/HER4. We recently observed that the EGF family hormone NRG2beta is a potent agonist for ErbB4. In contrast, NRG2alpha, a splicing isoform of the same gene that encodes NRG2beta, is a poor ErbB4 agonist. We hypothesized that carboxyl-terminal residues of NRG2beta are critical for stimulation of ErbB4 tyrosine phosphorylation and coupling to downstream signaling events. Here, we demonstrate that the substitution of a lysine residue for Phe45 in NRG2beta results in reduced ligand potency. We also demonstrate that substitution of a phenylalanine for Lys45 in NRG2alpha results in increased ligand potency. Finally, analyses of the gain-of-function NRG2alpha Chg5 mutant demonstrate that Gln43, Met47, Asn49, and Phe50 regulate ligand efficacy. Thus, these data indicate that carboxyl-terminal residues of NRG2beta are critical for activation of ErbB4 signaling. Moreover, these NRG2alpha and NRG2beta mutants reveal new insights into models for ligand-induced ErbB family receptor tyrosine phosphorylation and coupling to downstream signaling events.Oncogene advance online publication, 8 December 2003; doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1207250