Flowchart: Preparation: STAT3



Text Box: ephrinB1                                                    

Text Box: Il6Text Box: Jak2                                          


Pancreatic Adenocarcinomas                                                        


Text Box: Stat3                                                          



Text Box: Akt                                                            

Text Box: Notch3                                               

Text Box: Eph                                                     




Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Oct 22; [Epub ahead of print]Click here to read Links

ephrinB1 signals from the cell surface to the nucleus by recruitment of STAT3.

Bong YS, Lee HS, Carim-Todd L, Mood K, Nishanian TG, Tessarollo L, Daar IO.

Laboratory of Cell and Developmental Signaling and.

The Eph (erythropoietin-producing hepatoma) family of receptor tyrosine kinases and their membrane-bound ligands, the ephrins, have been implicated in regulating cell adhesion and migration during development by mediating cell-to-cell signaling events. The transmembrane ephrinB (Eph receptor interactor B) protein is a bidirectional signaling molecule that sends a forward signal through the activation of its cognate receptor tyrosine kinase, residing on another cell. A reverse signal can be transduced into the ephrinB-expressing cell via tyrosine phosphorylation of its conserved C-terminal cytoplasmic domain. Although some insight has been gained regarding how ephrinB may send signals affecting cytoskeletal components, little is known about how ephrinB1 reverse signaling affects transcriptional processes. Here we report that signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) can interact with ephrinB1 in a phosphorylation-dependent manner that leads to enhanced activation of STAT3 transcriptional activity. This activity depends on the tyrosine kinase Jak2, and two tyrosines within the intracellular domain of ephrinB1 are critical for the association with STAT3 and its activation. The recruitment of STAT3 to ephrinB1, and its resulting Jak2-dependent activation and transcription of reporter targets, reveals a signaling pathway from ephrinB1 to the nucleus.

PMID: 17954917 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

J Surg Oncol. 2007 Oct 4; [Epub ahead of print]Click here to read Links

Expression of nuclear notch3 in pancreatic adenocarcinomas is associated with adverse clinical features, and correlates with the expression of STAT3 and phosphorylated Akt.

Doucas H, Mann CD, Sutton CD, Garcea G, Neal CP, Berry DP, Manson MM.

Cancer Biomarkers and Prevention Group, Department of Cancer Studies and Molecular Medicine, University of Leicester, Biocentre, Leicester, UK.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Reactivation of the Notch signalling pathway occurs in a range of human malignancies. Previous research suggests that Notch3 is expressed in pancreatic adenocarcinomas, but neither cellular location nor association with clinical parameters has been described. The relationship between Notch3, clinical endpoints, and other proteins with potential to interact with Notch was therefore examined. METHODS: An immunohistochemical study was performed on human pancreatic adenocarcinoma (n = 23) and normal pancreas (n = 12), to assess expression of Notch3, cyclin D1, pAkt, STAT3 and pSTAT3. Immunohistochemical data were then correlated with clinicopathological characteristics. RESULTS: Notch3 was significantly overexpressed in the cytoplasm of 73.9% of tumours. Nuclear expression was not observed in normal pancreatic ductal tissue, but was noted in 43.5% of tumours. No tumour expressing nuclear Notch3 was resectable. There were significant correlations between expression and intracellular location of Notch3 and each of STAT3, pSTAT3 and pAkt, but not cyclin D1. CONCLUSION: The presence of Notch3 in tumour nuclei is likely to represent functional activation of the protein, and is clearly linked to a more aggressive tumour phenotype. The correlation with STAT3, pSTAT3 and pAkt expression has not previously been described and the concurrent intracellular localisation of these proteins suggests a functional relationship between them. J. Surg. Oncol. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID: 17918209 [PubMed - as supplied

























































J Bone Miner Res. 2006 Jun;21(6):946-55.

Related Articles, Links

Click here to read 
Fibroblast growth factor-2 is an immediate-early gene induced by mechanical stress in osteogenic cells.

Li CF, Hughes-Fulford M.

Laboratory of Cell Growth, Northern California Institute for Research and Education, San Francisco, California, USA.

Fifteen minutes of physiological MS induces FGF-2 in osteogenic cells. Here, we show that MS induced proliferation in both MC3T3-E1 and BMOp cells isolated from Fgf2(+/+) mice; Fgf2(-/-) BMOp cells required exogenous FGF-2 for a normal proliferation response. The induction of fgf-2 is mediated by PKA and ERK pathways. INTRODUCTION: Mechanical stress (MS) induces gene expression and proliferation of osteogenic MC3T3-E1 cells. We have previously shown that physiological levels of MS in MC3T3-E1 cells causes extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 phosphorylation. Here we evaluate the induction and importance of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) for MS-induced proliferation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We characterized the MS induction of fgf-2 using a 15-minute pulse of 120 mustrain and studied the stability of fgf-2 message using actinomycin D. Bone marrow stromal cells (BMOp) isolated from Fgf2(-/-) and Fgf2(+/+) mice were used to study the importance of FGF-2 in MS-induced proliferation. RESULTS: We found that the induction of fgf-2 by MS is dependent on both protein kinase A (PKA) and ERK pathways. MS transiently induces fgf-2 within 30 minutes. FGF-2 receptor (FGFR2) was also significantly increased within 1 h. All three isoforms of FGF-2 (24, 22, and 18 kDa) were significantly increased by MS. The MS-mediated increase of fgf-2 mRNA was caused by new synthesis and not stabilization. Pretreatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with cycloheximide showed that the induction of fgf-2 did not require new protein synthesis. Pretreating MC3T3-E1 cells with the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2) inhibitor, U0126, or H-89, a PKA inhibitor, significantly inhibited the induction of fgf-2, showing that mechanical induction of fgf-2 is dependent on ERK and PKA signaling pathways. The downstream consequence of a single 15-minute stress pulse was a 3.5-fold increase in cell number in MC3T3-E1 compared with growth in nonstressed control cells. In studies using bone marrow osteoprogenitor cells (BMOp) isolated from Fgf2(+/+)and Fgf2(-/-) mice, we found that FGF-2 was necessary for a full proliferative response to MS. CONCLUSIONS: These studies show that FGF-2 is an immediate-early gene induced by MS, and its expression is mediated by both the PKA and MAPK signal transduction pathways. FGF-2 was required for a full proliferative response.

PMID: 16753025 [PubMed - in process]