Flowchart: Preparation: Sdf-1


Text Box: Sdf-1






Text Box: Cxcr4  






: Neurochem Int. 2006 Apr 16; [Epub ahead of print]

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Expression of CXC chemokine receptors 1-5 and their ligands in human glioma tissues: Role of CXCR4 and SDF1 in glioma cell proliferation and migration.

Bajetto A, Barbieri F, Dorcaratto A, Barbero S, Daga A, Porcile C, Ravetti JL, Zona G, Spaziante R, Corte G, Schettini G, Florio T.

Department of Oncology, Biology and Genetics, University of Genova, Viale Benedetto XV, 2, 16132 Genova, Italy.

Chemokines have been involved in cellular processes associated to malignant transformation such as proliferation, migration and angiogenesis. The expression of five CXC chemokine receptors and their main ligands was analysed by RT-PCR in 31 human astrocytic neoplasms. The mRNAs for all the receptors analysed were identified in a high percentage of tumours, while their ligands showed lower expression. CXCR4 and SDF1 were the most frequently mRNA identified (29/31 and 13/31 of the gliomas studied, respectively). Thus, we further analysed the cell localization of CXCR4 and SDF1 in immunohistochemistry experiments. We show a marked co-localization of CXCR4 and SDF1 in tumour cells, mainly evident in psudolpalisade and microcystic degeneration areas and in the vascular endothelium. In addition, hSDF1alpha induced a significant increase of DNA synthesis in primary human glioblastoma cell cultures and chemotaxis in a glioblastoma cell line. These results provide evidence of the expression of multiple CXC chemokines and their receptors in brain tumours and that in particular CXCR4 and SDF1 sustain proliferation and migration of glioma cells to promote malignant progression.

PMID: 16621164 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Dev Dyn. 2006 Jun;235(6):1578-88.

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Control of cell migration in the zebrafish lateral line: implication of the gene "Tumour-Associated Calcium Signal Transducer," tacstd.

Villablanca EJ, Renucci A, Sapede D, Lec V, Soubiran F, Sandoval PC, Dambly-Chaudiere C, Ghysen A, Allende ML.

Millennium Nucleus in Developmental Biology, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

The sensory organs of the zebrafish lateral-line system (neuromasts) originate from migrating primordia that move along precise pathways. The posterior primordium, which deposits the neuromasts on the body and tail of the embryo, migrates along the horizontal myoseptum from the otic region to the tip of the tail. This migration is controlled by the chemokine SDF1, which is expressed along the prospective pathway, and by its receptor CXCR4, which is expressed by the migrating cells. In this report, we describe another zebrafish gene that is heterogeneously expressed in the migrating cells, tacstd. This gene codes for a membrane protein that is homologous to the TACSTD1/2 mammalian proteins. Inactivation of the zebrafish tacstd gene results in a decrease in proneuromast deposition, suggesting that tacstd is required for the deposition process. Developmental Dynamics 235:1578-1588, 2006. (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID: 16552761 [PubMed - in process]

Int J Immunogenet. 2006 Apr;33(2):127-33.

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Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1) genetic polymorphism in a sample of healthy individuals, seronegative individuals exposed to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and patients infected with HIV-1 from the Brazilian population.

Reiche EM, Watanabe MA, Bonametti AM, Morimoto HK, Morimoto AA, Wiechmann SL, Matsuo T, Miranda HC, Reiche FV, Oliveira KB.

Department of Pathology, Clinical Analysis and Toxicology, Health Sciences Center, Londrina State University, Avenue Robert Koch, 60 Vila Operaria, CEP 86038-440 Londrina, Parana, Brazil. reiche@sercomtel.br

The interaction of viral and host factors is believed to determine not only the risk for initial human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) acquisition but also the course of the infection. Genetic polymorphisms in the chemokine receptors and their ligands were related to the susceptibility and resistance to HIV-1 infection. A polymorphism in the conserved 3' untranslated region of the stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF1) gene, which encodes a ligand of the CXCR4 receptor, has been related either to delayed progression to AIDS or to rapid disease progression and death. Global, regional, and ethnic distributions of frequencies of SDF1 genotypes and of the SDF1-3'A allele vary significantly. Although the HIV-1 epidemic is increasing in Brazil, little information about the frequencies of host genetic mutations related to HIV/AIDS resistance in the Brazilian population has been reported. To address this question, this study was carried out in order to determine the frequencies of the SDF1 polymorphism and the SDF1-3'A allele on 1061 genomic DNA samples purified from peripheral blood cells of 136 healthy individuals (group 1), 147 HIV-1-exposed seronegative individuals (group 2), 161 HIV-1-infected asymptomatic individuals and with CD4(+) T-cells count 350 mm(-3) (group 3), and 617 HIV-1-infected individuals with AIDS and/or CD4(+) T-cells count < 350 mm(-3) (group 4). The frequencies of the SDF1-3'A homozygous mutation were 3.7%, 6.1%, 4.3%, and 5.3% among groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively (P = 0.5120). The overall frequency of the SDF1-3'A allele was 0. 1984 and did not differ among the four groups (P = 0.2744). The results underscore the global distribution of the SDF1 polymorphism and the hypothesis that the SDF1-3'A allele, itself, may not be sufficient to prevent the risk of HIV-1 infection and may be not related to the progression of the disease in the Brazilian population.

PMID: 16611258 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]