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Flowchart: Preparation: Paxillin             

 

Text Box: Caspase7


Text Box: Caspase3


       

Text Box: Caspase6


                        

                                                                
                                          

 


                   

Text Box: 130cas


                     

 

 
                                                                            

Text Box: Talin
 

 


Dynamic remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton occurs during agonist-induced smooth muscle contraction. Tyrosine phosphorylation of the adaptor protein paxillin has been implicated in regulation of actin filament formation and force development. We have investigated the role of the actin cytoskeleton in noradrenaline (NA)-induced and endothelin (ET)-induced activation of the calcium-dependent nonreceptor tyrosine kinase PYK2 and subsequent phosphorylation of paxillin in rat small mesenteric arteries. NA and ET induced a rapid and prolonged activation of PYK2, as shown by increased phosphorylation at Y402 and Y881, and a concomitant association of the kinase with a Triton X-100 insoluble membrane (cytoskeleton) compartment. Both agonists also increased phosphorylation of paxillin at Y31 and Y118 with a similar time course as PYK2 phosphorylation, and induced its association with the same membrane compartment as PYK2. Treatment of arteries with cytochalasin D disrupted stress fibers and inhibited NA-induced and ET-induced force in a myosin light chain 20 phosphorylation independent and reversible manner. However, cytochalasin D treatment had no effect on NA-induced and ET-induced phosphorylation of either PYK2 or paxillin but did prevent their association with the TritonX-100 insoluble membrane compartment. These results show that in mesenteric arteries an intact cytoskeleton and force development are not prerequisites for G-protein-coupled receptor-induced activation of PYK2 and paxillin, by tyrosine phosphorylation, in vascular tissue, but are necessary for the translocation of PYK2 and paxillin to the membrane