P50

P50

 
                

                      

 
 


                   

 

NFkappaB is an important and ubiquitous transcription factor formed by various homo- and heterodimers of the NFkappaB family. The active transcription factor regulates genes involved in immune, inflammatory and survival responses. Specificity in gene regulation is achieved, at least in part, by the distinct DNA binding preferences of the various homo- and heterodimers and by the complex pathways that lead to signal-induced degradation of the IkappaB inhibitors. Analytical ultracentrifugation and hydrodynamic bead modelling were used to model the solution structures of the NFkappaB family member p50, its inhibitor IkappaBgamma and their complex. Sedimentation equilibrium (SE) and sedimentation velocity (SV) data show that p50 is a dimer in solution with a sedimentation coefficient consistent with a conformation intermediate between the closed conformation observed in the crystal structure of the p50 (N-terminal domain)-p65 heterodimer complexed with IkappaBalpha and the open conformation adopted by p50 when bound to DNA. SE and SV data show that IkappaBgamma is a monomer in solution and is prone to aggregation over time. p50 forms a 2:1 stoichiometric complex with IkappaBgamma in solution with a sedimentation coefficient consistent with a closed conformation for the p50 dimer.

PMID: 15043934 [PubMed - in process]