Text Box: NFAT











Engagement of the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) induces the activation of various transcription factors, including NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T-cells) and NF-kappaB (nuclear factor kappaB), which participate in long-term biological responses such as proliferation, survival and differentiation of B-lymphocytes. We addressed the biochemical basis of this process using the DT40 chicken B-cell lymphoma. We discovered that Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) and phospholipase C-gamma2 (PLC-gamma2) are required to activate NFAT and NF-kappaB, and to produce the lipid second messenger diacylglycerol in response to BCR cross-linking. Therefore the functional integrity of the BTK/PLC-gamma2/diacylglycerol signalling axis is crucial for BCR-directed activation of both transcription factors NFAT and NF-kappaB