Flowchart: Preparation: Cxcr4
 


                 

Text Box: Cxcl12


Text Box: Sdf-1


       

                                             

                                                

                                                                                     

Text Box: Cxcr4 Aid

 Brain tumor

 Hiv

 Ovarian cancer                                        

 

                                                   

 
 


                                      

                      

                 

Gynecol Oncol. 2006 Apr 20; [Epub ahead of print]

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Expression of chemokine CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4 in human epithelial ovarian cancer: An independent prognostic factor for tumor progression.

Jiang YP, Wu XH, Shi B, Wu WX, Yin GR.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

OBJECTIVES.: Chemokine CXCL12 and its unique receptor CXCR4 have been recently implicated in cancer metastasis. Our goal was to explore expression of CXCL12 and CXCR4 protein in normal ovarian surface epithelium, primary tumors and paired metastases of epithelial ovarian cancer as well as its association with clinicopathological features. We also wanted to test if expression of CXCR4 has prognostic value in epithelial ovarian cancer patients. METHOD.: Sections from 6 normal ovarian surface epithelium, 44 primary epithelial ovarian tumors and 30 paired metastatic tumors in omentum were evaluated for CXCL12 and CXCR4 expression using immunohistochemistry (IHC). RESULTS.: All samples of normal ovarian surface epithelium were negative for CXCL12 and CXCR4 protein. Ovarian cancer cells mainly showed cytoplasmic staining of CXCL12 and CXCR4. CXCL12 and CXCR4 staining were detected in 40/44 (91%) and 26/44 (59%) patients with primary epithelial ovarian tumors respectively. CXCR4 expression in primary tumors had no significant correlation with lymph nodes metastasis. However, if we combined CXCR4 expression in primary tumors with metastatic tumors, a significant correlation with lymph nodes metastasis was found (P = 0.018). The intensity of CXCL12 staining correlated with ascites (P = 0.014). The rate of CXCR4 expression in refractory and recurrent group (81% versus 28%, P = 0.0008) was significantly higher than that in no-recurrent group. After a median follow-up of 37 months, CXCR4 expression was found associated with an unfavorable prognosis with significantly reduced median disease progression-free survival and overall survival of 15 and 27 months (P = 0.0004, P = 0.017) respectively. Median time-to-event was not reached in patients with negative CXCR4 staining. In multivariate analysis, CXCR4 expression and residual tumor size emerged as independent prognostic factors in epithelial ovarian cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS.: This article provides the first evidence that CXCR4 expression could be an independent prognostic factor for epithelial ovarian cancer patients.

PMID: 16631235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

 

: Neurochem Int. 2006 Apr 16; [Epub ahead of print]

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Expression of CXC chemokine receptors 1-5 and their ligands in human glioma tissues: Role of CXCR4 and SDF1 in glioma cell proliferation and migration.

Bajetto A, Barbieri F, Dorcaratto A, Barbero S, Daga A, Porcile C, Ravetti JL, Zona G, Spaziante R, Corte G, Schettini G, Florio T.

Department of Oncology, Biology and Genetics, University of Genova, Viale Benedetto XV, 2, 16132 Genova, Italy.

Chemokines have been involved in cellular processes associated to malignant transformation such as proliferation, migration and angiogenesis. The expression of five CXC chemokine receptors and their main ligands was analysed by RT-PCR in 31 human astrocytic neoplasms. The mRNAs for all the receptors analysed were identified in a high percentage of tumours, while their ligands showed lower expression. CXCR4 and SDF1 were the most frequently mRNA identified (29/31 and 13/31 of the gliomas studied, respectively). Thus, we further analysed the cell localization of CXCR4 and SDF1 in immunohistochemistry experiments. We show a marked co-localization of CXCR4 and SDF1 in tumour cells, mainly evident in psudolpalisade and microcystic degeneration areas and in the vascular endothelium. In addition, hSDF1alpha induced a significant increase of DNA synthesis in primary human glioblastoma cell cultures and chemotaxis in a glioblastoma cell line. These results provide evidence of the expression of multiple CXC chemokines and their receptors in brain tumours and that in particular CXCR4 and SDF1 sustain proliferation and migration of glioma cells to promote malignant progression.

PMID: 16621164 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]